How to Automatically Deploy a Git Repo from Bitbucket

This article shows you how to automatically deploy your app from a git repo hosted at Bitbucket. That is, whenever you push your master branch to Bitbucket, Bitbucket will POST to a URL on your server, which will then pull and deploy the repo.

The code in this article is based on this tutorial.


Remember to replace  PODUSER with the system user that owns your website, WEBSITENAME with the name of your website.


  1. In JungleWP Control Panel, create a website. We'll use WEBSITENAME to refer to the name you chose for this website.
  2. SSH into the server as your app's system user.
  3. Run ssh-keygen to generate an SSH key. Don't assign it a password.
  4. Add the public key to your Bitbucket accounts SSH keys.
  5. cd ~/apps/WEBSITENAME
  6. git clone --mirror [email protected]:USERNAME/REPONAME.git repo, which checks out the repo to a directory called repo.
  7. Do an initial deployment from the command line by running:
    cd repo GIT_WORK_TREE=/srv/users/PODUSER/apps/WEBSITENAME/public git checkout -f master
  8. Create the file ~/apps/WEBSITENAME/public/bitbucket-deploy.php with the following contents (be sure to replace WEBSITENAME with the name of your app): {% capture phpscript %} commits)){ // When merging and pushing to bitbucket, the commits array will be empty. // In this case there is no way to know what branch was pushed to, so we will do an update. $update = true; } else { foreach ($payload->commits as $commit) { $branch = $commit->branch; if ($branch === 'master' || isset($commit->branches) && in_array('master', $commit->branches)) { $update = true; break; } } } if ($update) { // Do a git checkout to the web root exec('cd ' . $repo_dir . ' && ' . $git_bin_path . ' fetch'); exec('cd ' . $repo_dir . ' && GIT_WORK_TREE=' . $web_root_dir . ' ' . $git_bin_path . ' checkout -f'); // Log the deployment $commit_hash = shell_exec('cd ' . $repo_dir . ' && ' . $git_bin_path . ' rev-parse --short HEAD'); file_put_contents('deploy.log', date('m/d/Y h:i:s a') . " Deployed branch: " . $branch . " Commit: " . $commit_hash . "\n", FILE_APPEND); } ?> {% endcapture %}
  9. {{ phpscript | escape }}
  10. Add a POST hook for the repo in Bitbucket with the URL http://YOURDOMAIN/bitbucket-deploy.php.
  11. Make changes, commit them to the "master" branch, and push.
  12. The files were now deployed to ~/apps/WEBSITENAME/public as intended.
  13. For additional security, change the name of bitbucket-deploy.php to something containing random characters, such as bitbucket-deploy-23d98th98y.php. If you do that, don't forget to update the URL you configured in Bitbucket.

For debugging, the script in that blog post creates a log file at ~/apps/WEBSITENAME/public/deploy.log. You can also check your app's nginx logs if you aren't sure Bitbucket made the request.

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